雅思閱讀關于同替的解析。


報名日期截止前提醒廣大考生抓緊時間報名,如果考位暫滿的話可以聯系我們代報,歡迎隨時咨詢在線客服,敬請廣大考生注意考試時間.


閱覽中的同義替換至關重要,想必烤鴨們都知道沒有同義替換,閱覽步履維艱,一說到同義替換,學生立馬想到各種替換方式,換近義詞,詞性替換,語態替換,blablabla。。。。。。。,可還有些替換方式或許還不了解,原來套路還能夠這么玩。


01、蘋果生果版

其實種便是一個形象的小栗子,Apples and other fruits常見的變體是fruits,such as/including apples.

比如劍11中的一個填空題:
標題:20th century: …………and other manmade fibres cause decline in silk production

咱們同種顯著定位詞20th century定位到命題句

原文:Then in the twentieth century, new manmade fibres, such as nylon, started to be used.

此刻不用把語句看全,便知道所填的空是nylon,由于標題中的…… and other manmade fibres常常變成的方式為manmade fibres,such as……,所以一望而知。
 
一起和辛達雅思代報小編來看劍12 上的一道標題:
標題:Activity in this part of the brain is associated with the expectation of ‘reward’ stimuli such as ……..

相同這道標題也是有顯著定位詞‘reward’,定位到即出答案,原文語句如下:

原文:What is rather more significant is the finding that the dopamine neurons in the caudate—a region of the brain involved in learning stimulus-response associations, and in anticipating food and other ‘reward’ stimuli—were at their most active around 15 seconds before the participants’ favorite moments in the music.

怎么會有那么長的語句?關鍵好多詞匯不認識neuron?stimulus? caudate?……Take it easy,不要著急,利用咱方才講的方式,只看方式不看意思,重點看的內容是food and other ‘reward’ stimuli,所以呢,答案為food,是不是很簡略呢?此刻,有木有感覺整個世界都是你的?


02、更最媲美版

標題中常呈現的最,特別要引起留心,而且要等待文章中會呈現比較級方式,二者進行同替(最替換比較級?。?,且看下例:

標題:The most probable development is that food will be grown on ………. in towns and cities.

高度警覺,由于此處有最最最,where is 比較級,文中命題句:原文:While it is possible that much of our food will be grown in skyscrapers in the future, most experts currently believe it is far more likely that we will simply use the space available on urban rooftops.

看到possible不要著急填空,雖然possible 確實相當于標題中的probable,可是標題中是most probable,所以對應后邊說到的比較級far more likely。一個栗子哪過癮,再來一個。


One of the easiest qualities to acquire is ………..

十分簡略的題干,能夠根據quality定位,可是也萬萬不能忽略最,文中的呈現qualifies的當地有很多,是哪一處呢?

處Positive psychologists have identified 24 qualities we admire, such as loyalty and kindness, and are studying them to find out why they come so naturally so some people.

第二處What they’re discovering is that many of these qualities amount to habitual behavior that determines the way we respond to the world.

第三處Some qualities are less challenging to develop than others, optimism is one of them.

很顯然,第三處才是正確的定位處,答案為optimism。

掌握了這些,就算有不認識的詞也不用害怕了呢,此刻考的是眼神好嘛!


03、相似長相版

話說,這一部分就得看各位的眼力了,觀察要仔細。
a.相同是………be done,doing sth
標題:A …….. is taken out, enabling Wheel to rotate.
原文:A hydraulic clamp, which prevents the arms of the Wheel moving while the gondola is docked, is removed, allowing the Wheel to turn.
簡直如出一轍,有木有,只不過文中的內容加了一些潤飾性的東西迷惑我們。
b.相同是be to do
標題:The only hope was to tell the probe to replace them with ………
Be動詞之后加to do的方式比較罕見,所以當咱們看到標題中有這種方式,就能夠留心一下文中是不是會有相同或許相似的方式呈現。
原文:The solution was to get a message to Voyager I to instruct it to use spares to change the failing parts.


04、時態一致版

仔細的童鞋也會留心到時態的問題,標題和命題句對照來看,會更顯著哦~
一篇講埃及金字塔的文章:

標題:The discovery on one pyramid suggests that they may have experimented with …………

原文:Although it dates from several hundred years after the building of the pyramids, its sophistication suggests that the Egyptians might have been developing ideas of flight for a long time.

另一篇講航海家拉皮塔人:
標題:Extreme climate conditions may have played a role in Lapita migration.

原文:EI Nino, the same climate disruption that affects the Pacific today, may have helped scatter the Lapita.

咱們乃至能夠根據時態的特殊性來定位哦,最常見的莫過于標題中的時態基調是過去時,而最終一題是現在時,比如人物傳記類文章William HenryPerkin。

最終一題如下:
標題:According to the passage, which disease is now being targeted by researchers using synthetic dyes?

而此題之上的五個標題的時態卻是過去時,所以說文中呈現現在時的當地才有或許是答案哦~
同理另一篇Stepwells中第八題如下:

Who are frequent visitors to stepwells nowadays?
我們應該知道從哪里找答案了嗎?


小編找到的是作者的一些見解,希望可以為考生們尋找到最好得分方式,也希望對大家有所幫助。最后,希望廣大考生們在備考過程中提升自己的語言水平,取得更好的成績。

有需要代報考位的同學們,可以直接聯系我們,辛達托福代報竭誠為您服務。(*^__^*)



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